Arabu dating

05-Dec-2019 19:57

The prospects of an Iranian-backed and allied Shia militia taking over Yemen at the tip of the Arabian peninsula was a clear red line for the Kingdom.

With army brigades loyal to former Yemeni Ali Abdullah Saleh joining the Houthis in removing the legitimately elected President Abed Rabbo Hadi from power, and attempting to seize major Sunni urban centres such as Aden and Taiz, the Saudi leadership had no alternative other than to act, and act decisively.

For the Yemen operation, King Salman ordered the deployment 100 advanced fighter planes (including Britain’s Typhoon Eurofighter and upgraded Tornado), 150,000 troops and numerous ground and sea assets, making it without question the most powerful combined military force assembled by any Arab country for decades.

The Saudi-led coalition, moreover, enjoys the support of the additional fighter planes and ships provided by other allied states, which has so far enabled it to conduct more than 2,200 combat sorties, destroying the vast majority of the Yemeni air force, as well as air defence and ballistic missile systems that had fallen under the control of the rebels.

This new assertive defence posture on the part of Saudi Arabia will need to be flexible, as well as being able to adapt to the constantly changing realities of the Middle East and the wider Muslim world.

But if there is ever to be peace in the Arab world, then it is vital that the Kingdom remains both a strong and secure nation state – and the anchor of stability for a region facing epic upheavals.

The Israelis were then in a position to open sea communications through the Gulf of Aqaba.

Arabs have been starting to move on from their colonial past, one that burdened them with arbitrary national borders that are proving so complicated to maintain.

And, as the US and European powers continu their retreat from the region, Arab nations led by Saudi Arabia are increasingly taking responsibility for managing their own affairs.

The Israelis, meanwhile, won control of the main road to Jerusalem through the Yehuda Mountains (“Hills of Judaea”) and successfully repulsed repeated Arab attacks.

By early 1949 the Israelis managed to occupy all of the Negev up to the former Egypt-Palestine frontier, except for the Gaza Strip.

The Israelis were then in a position to open sea communications through the Gulf of Aqaba.

Arabs have been starting to move on from their colonial past, one that burdened them with arbitrary national borders that are proving so complicated to maintain.

And, as the US and European powers continu their retreat from the region, Arab nations led by Saudi Arabia are increasingly taking responsibility for managing their own affairs.

The Israelis, meanwhile, won control of the main road to Jerusalem through the Yehuda Mountains (“Hills of Judaea”) and successfully repulsed repeated Arab attacks.

By early 1949 the Israelis managed to occupy all of the Negev up to the former Egypt-Palestine frontier, except for the Gaza Strip.

Between February and July 1949, as a result of separate armistice agreements between Israel and each of the Arab states, a temporary frontier was fixed between Israel and its neighbours.